1/144 Apollo Saturn C-8

This model is based on a drawing by Wernher von Braun ( a copy of the drawing can be found here http://up-ship.com/blog/wp-content/uploads/2009/10/nova1.gif ), which is also shown in smaller form below.

The Nova launcher was proposed by von Braun in the late 1950s to carry the Apollo spacecraft to the Moon. At this time the intention was that the entire Apollo spacecraft would land on the moon, so the necessary payload was much greater than that required by the Lunar Orbit rendezvous method which was actually used. A number of Nova and Saturn configurations were explored before the Saturn V as we know it emerged. The configuration known as the Saturn C-8 was virtually identical to this Nova, though some versions used the M-1 engine in the 2nd stage in place of the J-2s.

Although not much taller than the final Saturn V ( as height was limited by the size of the Vertical Assembly Building doors ) each individual stage is wider than the Saturn V equivalent, though stage length is also generally greater than for the Saturn as the upper two stages have separate fuel and oxidiser tanks unlike the ‘common bulkhead’ design used in the Saturn S-II and S-IVB stages. This approach placed pressure on the designers to reduce the overall height of the vehicle, one result of which being that the 1st stage fuel tank actually extends below the top of the engines.

The Apollo spacecraft in the model reflects the final ‘Apollo Direct’ configuration dating to around April 1962 ( see here for more details http://www.astronautix.com/craft/aponding.htm ), just prior to the decision to use a separate lunar landing module, and comprises:

The Retrograde Module ( RM ) which was to be used for course corrections en-route to the moon and for the majority of the braking manoeuvre prior to landing on the moon – this module would be jettisoned at around 1800m altitude. ( more info http://www.astronautix.com/craft/apoectrm.htm )

The Terminal Landing Module ( TLM ) which was to be used for the actual landing, and as a launch pad for the return spacecraft. ( more info http://www.astronautix.com/craft/apocttlm.htm )

The Service Module – similar to the one finally used, this module would also be used to launch the spacecraft from the moon and back to the Earth ( more info http://www.astronautix.com/craft/apoectsm.htm )

The Command Module – virtually identical to the early Block 1 Apollo CMs, it would have differed from the design actually used as there was no requirement for a forward hatch and docking system

Diagram

Resin parts

Finished model

Together with other Saturn kits to show scale

Price 85.00 + p&p

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